Genital varicose veins occur in both men and women. The disease can affect the penis, uterus, testicles, perineum, labia, and vulva. Persistent pathological changes not only negatively affect the health of organs, but also affect the psychological state of the patient.
Varicose veins in women
According to statistics, such pathologies in women most often occur on the labia. The first signs of the disease are a deterioration in general well-being, which affects sexual life.
There are several causes of varicose veins in women:
- Congenital or acquired insufficiency of the vascular wall. Varicose veins can form as a result of strenuous physical exercise, chronic disease of the pelvic organs, or obesity.
- Use of hormone medications, including contraceptives.
- Pregnancy. With each subsequent pregnancy, the risk of female genital varicose veins increases.
The presence of sexual varicose veins is evidenced by symptoms such as the appearance of "asterisks" or nodules on the veins in the intimate area. The skin in this area becomes dry and sensitive. In some women, pigmentation forms on the labia with varicose veins. A special feature of the disease is that the labia begin to increase, swelling is formed, which leads to their deformation. It can increase as one labia, and at the same time two. As the disease progressed, the woman began to experience pain and itching.
In the risk group for the occurrence of this disease are women who suffer from varicose veins in the legs.
For pregnant women, the development of varicose veins in the genitals occurs due to rapid weight gain, increased physical activity and enlarged uterine pressure on the veins. Strong fetal pressure on the pelvic organs can trigger vulvar varicose veins. When capillaries rupture, which is rare, a woman experiences minor bleeding.
Keep in mind that during fetal pregnancy, the disease does not have any negative effects on it.
If the cause of varicose veins in the genitals is pregnancy, then the disease will disappear on its own a few months after delivery. The main condition for recovery in such a situation is the exclusion of strenuous physical effort and weight control.
Varicose veins of the male genitalia
Male genitals are no less than women at risk of getting this disease. Vessels located superficially in the genitals of healthy men do not exceed 3-4 mm in diameter. The most common diagnosis is varicocele, that is, varicose veins on the testicles.
The pathological cause in most cases is associated with a man’s lifestyle, but in some situations the disease can occur due to circumstances beyond a person’s control.
The main causes of varicose veins in the genitals in men include:
- Injuries to the genitals.
- The presence of benign or malignant neoplasms.
- Prolonged bladder congestion, leading to compression of the organs.
- Previous surgical intervention on the pelvic organs.
- Prolonged and permanent free delay in the process of ejaculation.
- The use of various medications, such as anesthetics, that help to prolong sexual intercourse.
- Consequences of infectious diseases of the genitals.
A man can suspect the presence of varicose veins if nodules of various sizes form under his skin on the vessels. In addition, there is discomfort and a tingling sensation during intercourse. In the excited state, the vein swells, and its density increases markedly.
Against the background of such changes, blood stasis occurs. With varicose veins, the scrotum is characterized by its increase with discoloration. The further development of the disease is fraught with infertility, as the accumulated blood gives rise to overheating of the sperm.
Treatment of genital varicose veins in women and men
When the disease occurs in the process of childbirth, a woman is advised not to be too tight and wear compression underwear. If the disease progresses and causes severe discomfort to the pregnant mother, she is given painkillers, hemostatics and antiseptics. All medications and dosages are prescribed by a doctor. Attempts at self-treatment can jeopardize a child’s intrauterine development.
In all other cases, treatment is chosen by the doctor, based on the cause of the varicose veins. Surgical intervention is indicated in cases where conservative methods of therapy do not provide the desired results or are considered inappropriate.
Modern methods of treating genital varicose veins are carried out using phlebectomy, as well as radiofrequency and laser coagulation.
In men, this pathological process is eliminated by conservative treatment methods due to temporary abstinence from sexual intercourse. In addition, analgesics, anti-inflammatory (nonsteroidal) drugs and anticoagulants are prescribed.
Surgical treatment is carried out by the method of alloying, excision or thrombectomy is performed.